Monday, January 20, 2020

Typical Life :: essays research papers

Typical Life   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The Catcher in the Rye, by J. D. Salinger. The Catcher in the Rye is about Holden Caulfield. Just four days before the winter vacation Holden is kicked out from Pencey prep. School. He is kicked out from school for not passing most of his classes, except English class. Being alone bored out of his mind and not know what to do. Holden decides to go to New York by train. For about 3 days, and stay in a cheep hotel. Just to relax by himself till Wednesday. While Holden was at New York Holden smokes, gets drunk, goes to bars and tries to pick up females at a bar. While he tries to get drunk at most places he needs to lie about his age, also at the same time Holden shows how immature he is by the way he is talking to the three females at the bar. Also while staying at New York, Holden talk a lot about his little sister Phoebe. Holden goes to a Broadway, to buy a record for his little sister. Holden goes to a record store to waist some time before his date with Sally. H olden was suppose to meet Sally so they can go see a play together. After the play Holden goes to an ice skating ring with Sally, but they end up sitting in side and talking. Holden starts a conversation. Asking Sally: â€Å"If she ever got fed up?† And then Holden starts to tell her how this world is such a bad place and that all the adults are getting corrupted. And that when he (Holden) will be able to stop the kids from growing up he will be able to prevent the kids innocence’s and from growing up and save the world. In other words, threw out of the book Holden talk’s about his problems and how he feels about the world. At the end of the book Holden goes to the park and watches his little sister Phoebe on the coracle. And how he wishes that he could prevent Phoebe from learning bad things that she could see on the graffiti that is drawn on the walls.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  I think that Holden Caulfield is a very unique teenager because he is a very ill person, yet at the same time he is very bright human being. Even though he is being kicked out of a lot of prep.

Saturday, January 11, 2020

Eriksons stage and the concept of multiple intelligences Essay

What would you do in a classroom situation with a student with a learning disability to prevent them from having poor self esteerm. Include Eriksons stage and the concept of multiple intelligences in your answer. A student with a learning disability is an urgent matter that a teacher should be concerned of. A child has the tendency to develop a low self-esteem within an academic environment whenever he or she will fail to deliver to the norms of the classroom. Erik Erikson’s theories of child develoment are imminent in this situation. A child’s ability to learn is developed through sporadic life stages in which a child’s logic and understanding is developed gradually. His culture influences the learning process as well. Such presumptions are formed by their interactions within their environment.   In his book, Childhood and Society, Erikson’s extension of the classical Freudian psychoanalytic concept surprised conventional Freudians. The book was about Erikson’s broad concept of dynamics of inner-outer interactions that provides   an insight of social sciences that concerns child development. A child is compelled to adapt and adjust to his environment due to the fact that the society will adjust for him. Most schools are bent on emphasizing the development and progress of rational intelligence as well as linguistic intelligence which is reading and writing. Though most children are adept in learning within at academic environment such as a classroom, some children are not used to adapting to a academic environment where they can thrive. These children are deemed to have learning disablility which halts the progress of their intelligence and further learning. Howard Garner’s multiple intelligence theory explains that by a broader outlook of education wherein instructors can use an alternative set of methodologies will enhance a child learning disability. Applying the theory of multiple intelligence in an academic environment will be subjective in nature due to the fact that cases will vary. It will differ from one teacher to another as well as one student from another. Yet a child will always compelled to adapt to his academic enviroment because the environment will not adjust for him. References: Coles, Robert. 1970. Erik H. Erikson: The Growth of His Work. Boston: Little, Brown. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiple_intelligence#The_definition_of_intelligence .

Friday, January 3, 2020

Does Capitalism Maximize Human Well Being - 1282 Words

1. Is libertarianism, also known as pure capitalism, just? Evaluate the arguments provided by Hospers. Does capitalism maximize human well-being? Hospers in his paper ‘What Libertarianism is’ presses that libertarianism is the superior political philosophy because it favors the free market over a large government. The idea is that the only responsibility of the government is to make sure that individuals do not physically harm each other, or their property, otherwise it is up to the market where people can â€Å"vote† with their dollars. To this effect, we are the most free, while in the systems we currently have make us slaves by making us contributing property of wages to federal programs we may not care to contribute to. I will refute two†¦show more content†¦So, if came to something like protesting sweatshops it becomes impossible for the low-income individual to avoid purchasing from because the products produced are so much cheaper and in protesting this practice may have to sacrifice payments for transportation, housing, or even eating. When it comes to these base necessities it seems that this individual certainly lacks freedom. If we accept that all people and their interests as equal than one needs to level the medium of the voting to insure just and equal representation. The concept of voting with one’s dollars also necessitates that there is a product to vote on. With products created for underrepresented groups this is often not the case. For example, a movie company may be put out a film based on a major Japanese picture, but not use Asian actors. Movie-goers could boycott the film for being â€Å"white-washed†, but the low in profits could also be read as a lack of demand for films based on foreign films. Or a film could portray an instance in LGBTQ+ history, but misrepresent the story in which case the lack of ticket sales could be believed to come from a lack of interest in that history. While, a libertarian may respond by saying this buying power would not happen in a vaccum and that public would make their reasoning known, the issue is that a lack of representation in film is a trend. When films that lack representationShow MoreRelatedBelief and Support of Human Capital: Case Study Analysis of Whole Foods1242 Words   |  5 PagesLella McLemore Duane Saari BME-214614-04 Organizational Behavior 18 February 2013 Belief and Support of Human Capital: Case Study Analysis of Whole Foods What role, if any, does McGregor’s Theory Y play at Whole Foods? Explain? The primary focus of this case study analysis shall be to examine the methods of Whole Food’s distinctive approach and development to the implementation of creative management strategies and how they can continue to successfully help them to maintain growth in theirRead MoreThroughout History, Economists And Philosophers Have Theorized1533 Words   |  7 Pagesmultitude of different systems as an attempt to overcome scarcity. Most American children are taught from an early age to believe that capitalism corresponds to opportunity and democracy, and that it effectively battles scarcity. In this sense, many would argue that capitalism has been the most successful economic system in history. While this may be true, pure capitalism has fundamental flaws that lead to a variety of social issues. As society continues to evolve, it is imperative to improve our economicRead MoreHappiness Industry By Wil liam Davies Essay980 Words   |  4 PagesHappiness Industry by William Davies explores the history of capitalism, economics and psychology and the impact of the politics on the well-being due to low-level mental health. Over the past years, there has been an increase emphasis on what happiness really is. Is happiness a subjective or objective feeling? According to Davies (2015), â€Å"Happiness itself may not be an objective, physical phenomenon but it occurs as a result of various sources of pleasure, which have a firm, physiological basis†Read MoreThe Broken American Dream Exposed in The Jungle by Upton Sinclair1080 Words   |  5 Pages Sinclairs novel is meant to entirely reject the capitalist system and to bring in its place a socialist system. In this novel, capitalism and its exploitation of the immigrants and other workers, are in fact shown to be tools of the capitalist bosses, used as another means to control and mislead them. In Sinclairs novel the broken dreams of Jurgis Rudkis and his fellow Lithuanian immigrants, unions are meant to be institutions which give false hope to the workers. They live in utterly dreadfulRead MoreMarket based environmentalism Essay examples683 Words   |  3 Pagesapproaches help promote both environmentalism and competitiveness by putting emphasis on the positive results rather than on the technologies (Bruekner 2010, 62). This essay shall explain the advantages and weaknesses of natural step and natural capitalism and why they are considered as market-based environmentalism. The natural step framework is an approach for tackling environmental problems built on agreement and systems assessment (Bruekner 2010, 63). Its main aim is to make organizationsRead MoreKant And Kant s Theory1368 Words   |  6 Pagesassociated happiness that the action would bring. According to Kantian, there exist two questions, which human beings need to ask themselves before acting. One needs to rationalize, if everyone can act as he/ she proposes to act. If any case one gets no as an answer then such individual should not perform the intended act. Furthermore one also needs to consider whether his / her actions respect the human being goals or just merely using them for own selfish ambitions. In addition, if no is the answer, thenRead MoreSocial Grievances : Contests Between Exploiting And The Exploited1695 Words   |  7 Pagesproduction of goods, urbanized the population and concentrated vast amounts of wealth and power into the hands of a few. Coupled with the liberal idea of private property, this gave rise into a new invisible system that resolved to meet the base needs of human life and replace mans daily routine with something other then the struggle to survive. In other words, instead of working the physical land for survival, humanity now tills an invisible land of its own making, the economy. In these new lands, likeRead MoreEssay about Making Social Rights a Human Right1741 Words   |  7 PagesThis paper will discuss why social rights should be human rights. Poverty, capitalism, and government will be the motives used to explain why social rights should be considered human rights and be enforceable in a court of law. Although the costs of social rights woul d result in higher taxes, the benefits would far exceed the costs. It would greatly reduce the majority of poverty and crime as well as improve overall health within our society. Various aspects of social rights will be examined whichRead MoreUnderstanding The Logic Between Material And Ideological Conditions1462 Words   |  6 Pagesselling and as well as with power, pleasure and property† by Milton Friedan. Basically, it denotes to the word of selfishness in this sense. Because, now a days the expectation of a human being is to only behave in such a way to achieve maximum money gains. Moreover, in order to understand the logic between material and ideological conditions, one should also understand the significance of them. Firstly, materialistic conditions refer to the consumption possibilities of human beings. For instant,Read MoreHow Neoliberalism Has Changed The World1221 Words   |  5 Pagesresources are shared equally, in other words becoming a free market economy w here government does not intervene, creating more innovation consequently affecting trade and globalisation (Styhre 2014, p. 270). The reality of the story today is far from what is was set out to be, accompanying this new concept of every man a capitalist that was intended to restore equality, there is now an increase in poverty as well as a growth in debt of the average income earner. Harvey (2010) found that the in the USA

Thursday, December 26, 2019

The End to Slavery in the Caribbean Essay examples

The End to Slavery in the Caribbean The Haitian Revolution (1791-1804) was the first successful slave revolt in the Caribbean, and it was one of the most important events in the history of the Americas. Along with the obvious human rights benefits that the Haitian Revolution achieved, there were some serious setbacks for the nation as well. Between 1783 and 1789, Saint Domingue was the foremost sugar producer in the region, but by the end of the war the economy was completely destroyed, and to this day Haiti has not come anywhere close to reattaining its once prominent economic status in the Caribbean. The results of the revolution sent fear through the European consciousness as well as strengthened the growing idea†¦show more content†¦India and China became major players in this solution due to their size, populations, and lack of democracy. The British acquired Trinidad and Guiana in the 1790s, and then flooded them with east Asians when slavery ended. Some 150,000 east Asians traveled to Trinidad to in the nineteenth century, and 250,000 went to work in the cane fields of Guiana. The Two Migrations of the 19th Century In the nineteenth century, a hundred million people crossed the oceans seeking employment. Of these hundred million, around half were Europeans (especially Italians and Irish) heading to European settlements like Argentina, Chile, US, and Canada. The other fifty million were neither coming from nor going to European settlements (this half was mainly composed of Indians and Chinese heading to Trinidad or Guiana). In essence, there were two migrations going on during the nineteenth century. The Africans and Asians who left their continents in search of labor mostly engaged in wage labor at rates that the Europeans would not accept. The Europeans, for the most part, were coming from countries with more efficient agriculture which yielded higher returns and wages. Another factor which divided the migration in two was racism. The Asians who ended up in British Guiana, Trinidad, Dutch Guiana, or Jamaica did not head to these places due to preference.Show MoreRelatedBook Report: Capitalism Slavery, Eric Williams1513 Words   |  7 PagesHIS294Y Thursday February 7th 2006 Book Report: Capitalism Slavery, Eric Williams Capitalism Slavery, (published by The University of North Carolina Press, 1994) was written by Eric Eustace Williams and first published in 1944. Eric Williams book, was at the time of its publication, considered years ahead of its time. It should be noted, early on within this report that, literary works on the history of the Caribbean or slavery for a matter of fact, was done by Europeans. In the prefaceRead MoreCapitalism And Slavery By Eric Eustace Williams Essay1232 Words   |  5 PagesCapitalism Slavery, (published by The University of North Carolina Press, 1994) was written by Eric Eustace Williams and first published in 1944. Eric Williams book, was at the time of its publication, considered years ahead of its time. It should be noted, early on within this report that, literary works on the history of the Caribbean or slavery for a matter of fact, was done by Europeans. In the preface of his book, Williams clearly asserts that his work, is not a study of the institu tionRead MoreMulti Cultural And Multi Racial1476 Words   |  6 Pages Running Head – Caribbean Multi-cultural and Racial The Multi-Cultural and Multi-Racial Caribbean Michelle Knight Essay Submitted for Caribbean History 27100 Professor Audra Diptee Carleton University June 14, 2016 The Multi-cultural and Multi-racial Caribbean The Caribbean islands are a group of diverse islands throughout the Caribbean Sea. These islands can be as far south as the northern South America and as far north as southern North America. These islandsRead MoreChattel Slavery1359 Words   |  6 PagesChattel slavery, so named because people are treated as the personal property, chattels, of an owner and are bought and sold as commodities, is the original form of slavery. When taking these chattels across national borders it is referred to as Human Trafficking especially when these slaves provide sexual services. Indentureship Indentured laborers were assigned contracts in which they were paid wages to work for a specified period of time. After the contracts expired they were given the optionRead MoreEssay on History of Slavery in the Caribbean720 Words   |  3 PagesHistory of Slavery in the Caribbean The institution of slavery has played a major role in the history, and the shaping of the Caribbean. Therefore, in order to truly understand the Caribbean one must completely understand slavery itself. Slavery can be defined as belonging to a person, or being treated like a piece of property, and not having any individual freedom This was essentially the life many Africans lived for many centuries in the Caribbean . The master’s had total freedom and controlRead MoreOpression of Caribbean Peole817 Words   |  4 PagesQuestion: Using examples from the Caribbean, explain how Caribbean people throughout history has responded to oppression. The Caribbean, known as a group of islands located in the Caribbean Sea, is inhabited by a mixture of people of diverse races, cultures, personalities and beliefs; the end result of slavery and oppression. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, oppression can be defined as â€Å"Prolonged cruel or unjust treatment or control; or the state of beingRead More The Institution of Slave Trade Essay1533 Words   |  7 PagesThe Institution of Slave Trade The institution of slave trade and the actual experiences of slavery that occurred in the Caribbean were to form a monumental part of that regions culture, society, and everyday interactions, both in the past and in the present. The culture that is present today in the Caribbean is the result of many different influences varying from those introduced by ruling colonial countries, to influences that the slaves stressed, and even from brand new colonies being developedRead MoreA Woman s Experience Of Slavery Essay1377 Words   |  6 PagesIn history, a woman s experience of slavery is presumed inadequate and useless. Unfortunately, there are many experiences of women during slavery that is untouched and needs some highlight. For instance, did enslaved women work as much as enslaved males? If so, did they work in the same field or was there a difference. Women grew burdensome in that they would spitefully work inefficiently and slower than needed, leading to the resistance. Specificall y, this paper s discussion why are similaritiesRead Moresugar revolution1746 Words   |  7 PagesThe Effects that the Sugar Revolution had on the 18th century Caribbean Society The Sugar became population in the West Indies. The English, French colonies who settled Caribbean island such as St.kitts in the early 16th grew tobacco in order to make money. For a little while they were able to make the profit. However by 1640’s the faced different competition from tobacco grower in virgina had certain advantages which are virgiana had large lots of fertile land. Virginia tobacco was cheaper andRead MoreArguments Against Slavery in the British Caribbean Under the Following Headings: I) Economic Ii) Religious Iii) Humanitarian775 Words   |  4 Pagespresenting arguments AGAINST slavery in the British Caribbean under the following headings: i) Economic ii) Religious iii) Humanitarian On every street corner, in every household, on every tongue and on every wall, contradictory views on the system of slavery are being disputed. The public is being bombarded by the economic, religious and humanitarian views of slavery. The pressing issue that will be highlighted in today’s article is the arguments against slavery. The economic arguments

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Toys Girls And Boys Play - 1560 Words

Today, a quick glance down a toy aisle or at a string of Saturday morning television commercials can show us how toys reinforce gender distinctions. The ‘girls’ toy aisle contains dolls, makeup kits, and kitchen sets, while the ‘boys’ aisle features athletic gear, trucks, plastic guns, and action figures. Certain toys encourage specific skills for boys and girls and give value to a particular group. Toys also suggest values about masculine and feminine gender roles. While gender often seems to emerge ‘naturally’ from sex assignment, children’s toys and then gender-based activities they teach show us that masculinity and femininity are learned sets of behaviors. Many toys present certain skills and activities for boys and girls. It is not challenging to identify the traits and skills that the toys foster in males and females. In 1975, Rheingold and Cook researched whether there is a significant difference in the toys girls and boys play with. They conducted their research in middle-class households and examined the contents of children’s rooms to answer the overarching question. Rheingold and Cook found that in girls’ bedrooms it contained toys that reflected the notion of homemakers. There were baby dolls, toy stoves and doll houses, which are all examples of domesticity and motherhood. On the other hand, in the boy’s rooms, there were military toys, athletic gear, building blocks and trucks. All illustra tions of aggression and action (Renzetti and Curran 80). TraditionalShow MoreRelatedToys And Its Effect On Children s Toys1033 Words   |  5 PagesToy Store In today’s society, toys that children play with have an affect on their future roles. Toys teach children what they are expected to do in society as they grow older. Gender roles are one of the biggest factors in children’s toys. Within minutes of a baby being born, they are wrapped in either a pink or blue blanket depending on their sex. Blue and pink are the two colors that are used to define a child’s gender. Toys play an important role on children’s lives and it teaches them whatRead MoreHow Toys Play A Role On Gender Socialization1229 Words   |  5 PagesGirls and boys both grow up being socialized on what is normal and unusual for their gender. Toys are a prominent factor in this socialization, because they are typically presented for one gender and are unacceptable for the other. To assess how toys play a role in gender socialization, I made a trip to Toys â€Å"R† Us in College Station and was surprised by how the store was organized. The first thing that went through my mind when walking into the store was to look for the Girls and Boys signs thatRead MoreToy Evaluation1446 Words   |  6 Pagesresearch on toys at Target. What I discovered was that mostly all gender-neutral toys have to do with educational toys and toys for children whose mindset does not see that’s a girl or boy toy. All the gender-neutral toys were colorful, but mostly used green, blue, yellow, and red colors, thus making targeting boys and girls. What I found in the masculine toy section was that mostly all the toys were blue, black, or dark colors. Lots of toys promoted violence like the Nerf guns and Power Ranger toys withRead MoreToy Manufactures Has Enforced The Belief Of Children Essay1557 Words   |  7 PagesToy manufactures has enforced the belief that children should play with toys that correspond with their genders, while never feeling guilty because they value business greater than children. At early ages children begin to develop a sense of their gender, preferences, and play style. Gender socialization appears to begin at infancy, where a newborn baby girls receive their pink outfits and little boys receive their blue outfits. By about 24 months they begin to define themselves as â€Å"girls† or â€Å"boys†Read MoreGirls And Girls : Toys Are Best For Them By Color And Theme, Social And Parental Expectations1473 Words   |  6 Pagesare exposed to toys from as soon as a couple months of age. Parents and family usually decides which toys are appropriate for each child, usually based on gender. Children are able to distinguish which toys are appropriate for them even when they aren’t exposed to them. I am going to review three ways in which children decide which toys are best for them by color and theme, social and parental expectations, and what they see on television as gender appropriate guidance. Girls and boys differ in theirRead MoreToys that Gender Stereotypes Essays510 Words   |  3 PagesToys that Gender Stereotypes Toys describe how children should act. Adults expect girls to play with dolls like Barbie and Cabbage Patch dolls. They expect boys to play with action toys such as X-men, GI JOE dolls, and Hot Wheels. This sexually stereotypes a kid, because this is suggesting that they girls to chase after so called cute looking guys at the mall and always be interested in fashion and money. For boys they are expected to be tuff and buff and shed no tears they are the ones withRead MoreToys Should Not Be Gender Biased Essay1321 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"Raise boys and girls the same way,† a phrase originally said by neo-conceptual artist Jenny Holzer, that urges parents as well as people to raise children without a heavy influence of gender stereotypes and let the child discover how they want to represent themselves. A large divide between little boys and girls is shown in the toy industry. The retail chain Target recognized the influence of the gender bias toys and the impact they have o n children and parents and began neutralizing labels withinRead MoreTeenage Girls And Girls With Pink And Little Boys844 Words   |  4 PagesAs we can see in the first set of advertisements above, there are toys that are specifically intended to capture the interest in boys and girls separately. Here we can see how certain features in the advertisements help aid in the socialization of children in regards to gender. Over the last couple decades, it’s been custom to shower little girls with pink and little boys with blue while they are young, before they learn to choose their own favorite colors. These colors of pink and blue then becomeRead MoreToy Store And Gender Project1350 Words   |  6 Pages Toy Store and Gender Project On Saturday, the tenth of September 2016 I went to Target at 5pm with my roommates. As I walk to the toy aisle I saw parent with their young children. The store was busy but not crowded their where about five to ten families at the toy section. The adults in the toy section with children or without where mostly female. Target had multiple aisles for children’s toys it was divided pretty evenly between girls and boy’s toys with one or two aisles for newborns. Read MoreThe Problem Among Kids Toys827 Words   |  4 Pages The Problem Among Kids Toys Having grown up with two brothers I was always around toys such as action figures and toy guns. I did not have a sister to play with, so I usually played with my brothers. When I played with them, I started to question why all of their toys were just for boys. Why was there not any women action figures or ones with feminine colors? Gender-stereotyped toys are prohibiting children from a range of skills. Kids preferences are cultured. This means they learn which colors

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Flipping an Ethical Switch or Fraying the Emotional Wires free essay sample

He suffers tremendously as he commits each and every criminal act. Tyson, having established his definition of good and evil, proceeds to explore the relevance of the banquet scene in reference to the whole movement of the play. [3] He sees the banquet scene as a moment of transformation from order to chaos,[4] both within and around Macbeth. This analysis again raises questions, in that an investigation of the preceding scenes of the play reveals evidence to a progression toward chaos bettor the opening to the banquet scene. Macbeth is tortured by the fact that, from the beginning of the play, he knows he is living in an ambiguous world of a clash between his conscience and his desire for kingship. He verbally manifests his acknowledgement of this internal clash prior to the banquet scene: I am Thane of Castor. If good, why do I yield to that suggestion Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair And make my seated heart knock at my ribs Against the use of nature? Present fears Are less than horrible imaginings. My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical, Shakes so my single state of man That function is smothered in surmise, And nothing is but what is not. (l. Iii. 146-1 55) Fulfilling the witches prediction, Macbeth becomes the Thane of Castor and, although he capitulates to that suggestion, he cannot reconcile the reality of the truth of the first prophecy with his intense and unnatural fear, or his horrible imaginings. The actuality of the witches prophecy shakes so [Machetes] single state of man, makes his seated heart knock at [his] ribs, and [unfixes his] hair. Not only is Macbeth shocked by the metallization of the witches first prophecy to the point of believing that nothing is but what is not, but he is also frightened at the possibility of the fulfillment of the witches other prophecies, which would make him king. The witches first prophecy goes against the use of nature and this unnatural situation twists Machetes mind into moral knots very early in the play. Machetes action of killing Duncan is also contrary to nature and he knows it. The wounds inflicted on Duncan look like a breach in nature (el. Iii. 32), and even the sun mess to feel the effect of the murder: Ross: And yet dark night strangles the traveling lamp. Is t nights predominance or the days shame That darkness does the face of earth entomb When living light should kiss it? By the clock its day, Old Man: Its unnatural, Even like the deed thats done. (el. Iv. 8-14) Dunces murder has not only affected Macbeth psychologically, but it has also disturbed his sense of the natura l world by masking the traveling lamp with dark night. This darkness that fills the face of earth is considered unnatural Like the deed thats done, the deed being the murder of Duncan. The event of Dunces murder not only disrupts Machetes moral sense, but also the order of the natural world previous to the further unrest that ensues during the banquet scene. Prior to his vision of Banquet ghost, Machetes multiple imaginings of physical phenomena, tied to his conscience, attempt to block him from crime, while causing him internal strife. Signs of Machetes mental torture appear before the banquet scene: Is this a dagger which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible To feeling as to sight? Or art thou but A dagger of the mind, a false creation Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain? (11. 1. 44-51) The dagger that Macbeth envisions before [him] is definitely simply a dagger of the mind, a false creation that Machetes torn conscience creates. As he proceeds in killing Duncan, Macbeth is simultaneously psychologically persecuted all along the way. After Duncan is killed, Machetes mind creates another sign: Method I heard a voice cry Sleep no more! Macbeth does murder sleep Still it cried Sleep no more! to all the house. Glacis hath murdered sleep, and therefore Castor Shall sleep no more. Macbeth shall sleep no more. (11. 47-48, 54-57) This voice that Macbeth seems to hear cry Sleep no more! is solely a product of his emotional agony. It is as if his three names, Lord Glacis, Thane of Castor, and Macbeth give him three personalities in which to suffer the doom of sleeplessness. This unnatural occurrence is followed by yet another soon after: Whence is that / knocking? (el. Ii. 74-75) This mysterious knocking should be p erfectly familiar to him. Yet what scares him is that he does not know what world this sound is coming from- the world of his imagination or the real world, at the door of his castle. Machetes state of mind as he approaches the throne in the banquet scene is a clear composite of all his crises of conscience that precede the scene. The fact that Tyson does not address these events in his paper suggests a possible omission in his analysis. Defending his argument of its structural importance as a critical Juncture in the play, Tyson delves into a detailed examination of the banquet scene where Machetes mindset moves from that of the market to that of the raven. He divides the scene into five moments, in which he asserts that Macbeth essentially flips from good to evil. A close reading of these moments reveals the possibility of an alternative interpretation of the purpose of the scene. Tyson sees the function of the first moment, from the opening of the scene to the entrance of the first murderer, as the establishment of the banquet as twofold, a symbol of order and hierarchy as well as a symbol of union. His focus on hierarchy appears to be right on track as a reflection of the formal setting of the Elizabethan society in which the play transpires. Machetes language of degrees and state realistically reflect the social conventions f the time in the upper class crust of society. However, Dagons reference to the banquet as a representation of fellowship between the king and his community does not appear to be applicable to this particular event. Superficially, all is well between Macbeth and his people, but prior to this scene Macbeth has already deceived them by having both killed Duncan and planned the murder of Banquet. Consequently, the subtext of the opening of this feast can only be one of dishonesty, as opposed to harmony. Macbeth, to use Dagons terms, could not possibly, at this point, be part of the market world Tyson interprets the second moment to the scene, Machetes conversation with the murderer, as an ironic interlude in which the stage is set for Machetes turn from good to evil. It is at this point that Shakespeare sets side by side symbolically the two levels of reality before one makes chaos of the other. Dagons argument is credible in that Shakespeare does Juxtapose the two sides of Machetes internal conflict, possibly for the more subtle purpose of communicating to Machetes psyche the misguided notion that continual killing will not control his conflict and take away his torment. The fact that the murderer reports the news that Balance is still alive and that Macbeth will have to kill again destroys Machetes superficial calm. This allows his conflicted soul to erupt yet again. He is cabinet, cribbed, confined, bound in / to saucy doubts and fears. (Ill. Iv. 26-27) The turning point of the scene, in Dagons eyes, occurs as Macbeth envisions Banquet ghost sitting in his chair at the banquet. He sees this moment as the center of the play, the moment when Machetes world turns over, the moment of tragic insight. A precise reading of Machetes words reveals another possible interpretation. Tyson neglects to make note of the fact that Macbeth uses the plural when referring to the ghosts that are haunting him: But now they rise again. (Ill. Iv. 96) The plural they that Macbeth uses implies that Banquet ghost is representative of more than one of the murders that Macbeth has committed. Namely, Banquet apparition haunts Macbeth from both Dunces as well as his own grave. The presence of the ghost gives a visible form to the multiplicity of Machetes terrors. To Tyson, the consequence of the ghosts visit is, of course, chaos. Chaos, in Dagons fourth moment leads to Machetes damnation n the form of moral exhaustion and isolation in the fifth moment. It is clear to Machetes community that he is not a man capable of leadership due to his fit (Ill. Iv. 66) when Lennox says to Lady Macbeth, Good night and better health / attend his Majesty. (Ill. Iv. 148-149) The psychological agony that Macbeth has been experiencing internally throughout the entire play now has been broadcast t o his people. The fallout of this scene is not a new sense of exhaustion and isolation as Tyson claims, but rather an extension of his exhaustion and isolation that already existed.

Monday, December 2, 2019

Trade Deficit Essay Example For Students

Trade Deficit Essay In November of 2004, the United States ran a fifty-four billion dollar trade deficit, translating to over 600 billion for the entire year. This deficit is a result of the disparity between the amount of goods that the US imports and the amount it exports. To equalize this deficit in its current account, the American government sells assets from its capital account, often to foreign investors. This phenomenon is seen as a serious threat to the success and continued growth of the nations economy, tied in with popular concerns that the United States is losing its competitive and dominant edge in global economics. The traditional economic theory employed to solve this problem calls for a return to mercantile protectionism, through use of tariffs and subsidies to drive up the price of imports and lower the price of exports. Running contrary to this is a second option: increasing domestic savings and lowering government spending. These theories both aim to decrease American dependence upon foreign imports and investment, and ultimately equalize the enormous trade deficit that currently exists. We will write a custom essay on Trade Deficit specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now A nation that possesses strong industry, a favorable trade balance, and a lack of dependency upon foreign states is optimum. This ideology is one that has been strongly advocated throughout Americas existence, by politicians from Alexander Hamilton to Pat Buchanan. When a nation faces a trade deficit, it means that competing states are producing more efficiently, and ultimately making profiting. Also, a deficit means that industry and jobs, which could exist domestically, are being stolen by foreign nations. According to mercantile policy, this is a zero-sum game; when a competitor is winning, we are losing. The United States faces this situation, having evolved from the worlds largest creditor nation during and following World War II to its current position as the worlds largest debtor. Because America imports much more than it exports, an additional 600 billion dollars is needed every year to balance the equation. This money is borrowed through the sale of government assets, someti mes to domestic investors, but increasingly to foreign ones. Many circumstances can be blamed for this situation: cheap foreign labor, foreign government subsidy, and closed foreign markets, among others. The question therefore arises: how to negate obstacles and protect American industry, while at the same time ensuring efficiency and the protection of consumers. The first proposed solution to this problem is one of protectionism, following mercantile guidelines to minimize imports and maximize exports. This is done through government intervention in the market in three primary methods, tariffs on foreign imports, subsidization of domestic industry, and devaluation of the US dollar. Free trade leads to specialization, and America is unable to compete with other nations in many sectors of industry. Countries such as China, Japan, and Mexico can produce many goods at far cheaper prices, making it very difficult for domestic producers to compete. Tariffs deal with this problem in two coinciding ways. First, the price of these imported goods goes up because of the tax the importers are forced to pay. Therefore, the original advantage of the importers is defeated, and domestic producers are able to compete, or even dominate the foreign competition. Second, the government takes in revenue from the tariff, adding to the money in its current account. Therefore, by reducing the necessity for imports the deficit is lowered, and the government, reducing the need for foreign investment, makes more money. Subsidization, the second means of government protection, allows domestic producers to lower their prices, and to make their goods more attractive in foreign markets. Although the government pays the difference, the amount of exports increase, bringing in increased revenue and helping to decrease the deficit. The third method in this scheme is to artificially devalue the dollar. Causing the dollar to be worth less compared to foreign currency has a similar effect to the implementation of tariffs, a weaker dollar means American goods can be exported and sold cheaper, raising the demand for them. Also, the purchasing power that Americans possess lowers, so demand for foreign imports declines. .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7 , .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7 .postImageUrl , .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7 , .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7:hover , .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7:visited , .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7:active { border:0!important; } .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7:active , .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7 .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u478fb5f449a20d10c7065699b35337b7:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: How to Write an EssayAlthough protectionist policy is perhaps the natural reaction to a deficit, it contains several major problems that keep it from being a successful solution. When the amount of imports is artificially lowered below the market level, fewer dollars are available on the international market. Consequently, scarcity causes the dollar to strengthen, and foreign monies devaluate. This causes American exports to increase in price abroad, which leads to less demand for US products. Therefore, while the tariff reduces domestic desire for imports, it also reduces foreign desire for American goods, ultimately nullifying the intended effect. Any tariff reduces the overall volume of imports, as well as exports. This scarcity causes universal price increases, forcing the consumer to deal with the burden of protecting domestic industry. The implementation of tariffs and subsidies also has political consequences. Often, other nations react to tariffs by imposing taxes of their own, and act in the same manner in response to subsidization. Again, trade is limited, and prices increase. While a devalued dollar does increase the demand for exports while decreasing it for imports, it is not without cost. Weak currency means lower purchasing power, which results in inflation. Once more, the American consumers are forced to foot the bill, seeing their money become worth less in an effort to protect domestic industry. Because mercantilist policies limit trade, they ultimately prove ineffective. A second proposed solution to the US trade deficit is a more moderated approach: decreasing the necessity of foreign investment, lowering the federal budget, and allowing free trade to work its natural course. The major problem with a sustained deficit is the necessity to sell capital assets, in order to balance the equation. This results in America owing huge amounts of borrowed money, as well as interest, to foreign nations and investors. By increasing the amount of domestic savings, the government has more of its own money, and less need to borrow from foreign sources. Coupled with reduced government spending, America is able to compensate for the difference in trade. If dependency upon foreign investment is reduced, the trade deficit really loses its importance. According to Daniel Griswold, director of the Cato Institutes Center for Trade Policy, a budget deficit doesnt necessarily mean a weak economy. Over the past 28 years, while the deficit has consistently risen, so too has the size of the economy. In fact, US economic growth has been more consistent than that of Japan or Germany, nations that possess consistent trade surpluses . Because of this growth, America is a prime target for foreign investment. When other nations invest money in America, the price of the dollar remains strong. Again, the powerful dollar causes US exports to increase in relative price, while imports become comparatively cheaper. Therefore, not only does decreasing the amount of borrowed money reduce dependency, it will also keep the exchange rate more favorable for US products and suppress the domestic demand for imports. This happens naturally, as opposed to the protectionist policy of artificially lowering the strength of the dollar. Increased self-reliance is a far more effective strategy for managing the US ledger, however, it can pose consequences of its own. If less foreign money is invested in the US, the price of the dollar does go down, and domestic industry is promoted. However, this lower exchange rate can cause inflation, and reduced spending power for American companies and citizens. Also, according to Griswold recent examples show that recessions coincide with a lowered deficit. This occurs because people spend less money, on foreign and domestic goods, and the economy slows down. This does reduce the deficit, however, a recession generally results in higher unemployment and negative reaction to the governments performance. Despite these two possible results, this second solution proves to be the priority solution to solving the American budget crisis than a return to protectionist policy, which defeats the benefits of a free and liberalized market. .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e , .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e .postImageUrl , .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e , .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e:hover , .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e:visited , .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e:active { border:0!important; } .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e:active , .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uded47fda1766b4f748afdcc55fd9e34e:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Similarities and Variations in the Writings of Dic EssayThe United States currently does possess an enormous trade deficit, but the importance of this problem and the best means of solving it is a sharply debated issue. Clearly, while a return to protectionist policy would have some positive effects in the short run, it ultimately would undue the enormous growth that free international trade has caused for the US economy. The more moderate approach, of increasing domestic capital, reducing reliance upon foreign money and goods, and reducing government spending, deals with the situation much more effectively. A deficit is often times natural, especially in a wealthy country with a very strong economy, such as the US. Using these techniques, the negative aspects of the deficit can be overcome, while still ensuring the efficiency and affectivity of a liberal international trade system. Bibliography1.Griswold, Daniel. Americas Maligned and Misunderstood Trade Deficit, http://www.freetrade.org/pubs/pas/tpa-002.htmlBalaam, David. Introduction to International Political Economy, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, Pearson Education, 2005.